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The journal publishes articles reflecting fundamental ageing processes, biological and pathophysiological research, peculiarities of disease course in older patients, modern aspects of diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, nursing, deontology, psychology and social gerontology.

Prior and duplicate publication
When submitting a paper, the author should always make a full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as prior or duplicate publications of the same or very similar work. Copies of such material should be included with the submitted paper to help the editor to decide how to deal with it.

Preparation of a manuscript
Papers should be typewritten, double spaced on one side only of A4 (210 x 279 mm) white bond paper, with 25 mm margins and 12 pt fonts. This applies to title page, abstract, text, acknowledgements, references, individual tables, and legends. Begin each of the following sections on separate pages: title page, abstract and key words, text, acknowledgements, references, individual tables, and legends. All pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page, with page numbers typed in the upper right-hand corner.

Title page
The title page should contain (a) the title of the article, (b) first name and last name of each author, (c) name and address of department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed, (d) name, mailing address, telephone, fax numbers and e-mail address of the author to whom the correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The title page should also contain signature of every author.

Abstract and key words
The second page should contain an abstract (of at least 600 units) both in Lithuanian and English. The abstract should state the purposes and subjects of the investigation, basic procedures, main findings, and the principal conclusions. Below the abstract provide no more than 7 key words. Use terms from the medical subject headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus.

Text of a paper
The main body of the text of a research or investigation paper should be divided into sections headed Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. As for editorials, reviews, and descriptions of diseases history, these may follow other structure.
Introduction: State the purpose of the research. Brief?ly motivate chosing investigation or observation. Give only strictly pertinent references.
Methods: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental subjects clearly. Identify the methods, apparatus (manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in detail. Give references to established methods, including statistical ones (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for the methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
Statistics: Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Use statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols. Specify any general use software applications used.
Results:Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data given in the tables or illustrations, emphasise or summarise only the most important observations.
Discussion: Emphasise the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat data or other material given in the Introduction or in the Results section in detail. Include the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. Discussion should be finished with conclusions, which should be linked with the goals of the study. Give conclusions in a clear manner and logical sequence.

Acknowledgements should be addressed to the persons or institutions, who supported research. Persons who have contributed intellectually to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be named and their function or contribution described, e.g. “scientif?i c adviser”, “data collection”, “participation in clinical trial”. Such persons must have given their written permission to be named. Technical help should be acknowledged in a separate paragraph.

Give references in the order in which they were first mentioned in the text, tables and figure legends. Number references by arabic numerals. Abbreviate names of journals as shown in the journal Index Medicus. If a work has more than six authors, give only the first three, followed by “et al.”. References may also contain submitted for publishing but not yet published articles: journal is identified and “in press” is added. Information from the articles being considered is cited as “not yet published” in the text in the brackets.

Examples of references:
Journal articles
1. Adami S, Zamberlan N. Adverse effects of bisphosphonates: a comparative review. Drug Safety. 1996; 14: 158–70.
2. Bradley C, editor. Handbook of psychology and diabetes: a guide to psychological measurement in diabetes research and practice. Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic. 1994.
Chapters in books or papers in proceedings
3. McKenna MJ, Freaney R. Defining hypovitaminosis D in the elderly. In: Burckhardt P, Dawson-Huges B, Heaney RP, editors. Nutritional aspects on osteoporosis. Berlin heidelberg New York: Springer, 1998: 268–77.

All tables should be typed on separate sheets, double spaced. Internal horizontal and vertical lines should not be used in the tables.They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they were first mentioned in the text and should have brief and concise titles. All table columns should have a brief or shortened heading. Explanations should be given in the footnotes. Every table should be referred to in the text. Place of a table should be indicated in the text on the left-hand side.

Submit only bright illustrations. Instead of original drawings, clinical (X-ray) pictures or other material, submit bright white and black copies on glossy paper with usual size no more than 203 x 254 mm. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear, of uniform and sufficient size to withstand reduction. Typewritten or freehand lettering is not acceptable. Names and detailed explanations should be given in footlines under the illustrations, but not on the illustrations themselves.
On the back of each figure the figure number, the author’s name should be written and an arrow drawn to indicate the top edge by means of a soft pencil. Number illustrations consecutively in the order in which they were first mentioned in the text. Patients shown in photographs should have their identity concealed unless they have given their written consent to publication.

Units of Measurement
Length, height, weight and volume should be given in metric units (meter, kilogram, etc.) or decimal units. Temperature is measured in Centigrades. Blood pressure is measured in mm Hg. All haematological and clinical measurements should be given only in metric units; terms of international system of units should be used.

Abbreviations and Symbols
Only standard abbreviations should be used. Avoid abbreviations in the title and summary. The full term should be given first, unless it is a standard symbol of a unit of measurement.

Submissions of Manuscripts
The copy of a manuscript should be submitted to executive Editor of the journal “Gerontologija” at the following address:

Marija Tamulaitienė
Journal “Gerontologija”
A. Juozapavičiaus str. 3-105 LT-09310 Vilnius, Lithuania
or by e-mail:

Papers will be acknowledged on receipt. Scientific papers will be evaluated by referees. Authors are advised to retain a copy of the paper as the editor cannot accept responsibility for loss or damage.
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