|Stroke has been recognized as one of the basic reasons
what concerns illness, death-rate and long-term disability all
over the world. Balance disorder is one of the most common
disorders and one of the basic factors limiting the routine of
cerebral stroke patients. Therefore the feedback is especially
important to train balance of patients with the disorder to perceive
their body position. The use of feedback provides patients
with sensomotoric disorders ability to evaluate different
physiological reactions better and to improve simetricity of
their body position.
Objective. to evaluate the feedback influence on the balance
training of stroke patients.
Methods and measures. The research was carried out from
2000 to 2009 Department of In-patient Rehabilitation (Centre
of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, VUL SK). Measurements
were 240 cerebral stroke patients: 190 stroke patients
participate in physical therapy, 30 stroke patients participate
in physical therapy and balance was trained using platform
“MTD-balance”, 20 stroke patients participate in physical
therapy and balance was trained using a mirror.
The patients of the study was to assess the Barthel Index
(BI), the Functional Independence measure (FIM), balance
was evaluated using the tests of Berg, Tinetti, static balance
(standing, with eyes closed and eyes opened) was evaluated
using the “MTD-balance” system.
Results. The results showed that there is a very strong correlation
between the classical equilibrium tests and “MTD
Balance” survey evidence and functional independence tests.
Statistically significant Barthel index (BI) improvement obtained
in the group, where the balance of developing the “MTD
balance system”. Static balance improved so using the MTDbalance
platform and a mirror. “MTD-balance”-based use of
more efficient improved static balance when standing Shut
eyes. Training in their dynamic equilibrium with the “MTDbalance”
platform produces better balance training results.|
|stroke, “MTD balance” platform, balance, rehabilitation, functional independence, feedback|