1.
Abstract
Stroke has been recognized as one of the basic reasons what concerns illness, death-rate and long-term disability all over the world. Balance disorder is one of the most common disorders and one of the basic factors limiting the routine of cerebral stroke patients. Therefore the feedback is especially important to train balance of patients with the disorder to perceive their body position. The use of feedback provides patients with sensomotoric disorders ability to evaluate different physiological reactions better and to improve simetricity of their body position. Objective. to evaluate the feedback influence on the balance training of stroke patients. Methods and measures. The research was carried out from 2000 to 2009 Department of In-patient Rehabilitation (Centre of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, VUL SK). Measurements were 240 cerebral stroke patients: 190 stroke patients participate in physical therapy, 30 stroke patients participate in physical therapy and balance was trained using platform “MTD-balance”, 20 stroke patients participate in physical therapy and balance was trained using a mirror. The patients of the study was to assess the Barthel Index (BI), the Functional Independence measure (FIM), balance was evaluated using the tests of Berg, Tinetti, static balance (standing, with eyes closed and eyes opened) was evaluated using the “MTD-balance” system. Results. The results showed that there is a very strong correlation between the classical equilibrium tests and “MTD Balance” survey evidence and functional independence tests. Statistically significant Barthel index (BI) improvement obtained in the group, where the balance of developing the “MTD balance system”. Static balance improved so using the MTDbalance platform and a mirror. “MTD-balance”-based use of more efficient improved static balance when standing Shut eyes. Training in their dynamic equilibrium with the “MTDbalance” platform produces better balance training results.
Key words
stroke, “MTD balance” platform, balance, rehabilitation, functional independence, feedback